35 Fatwas from Imams Homepage  
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35 Fatwas copied from Imams Homepage July 2005

1.      To Touch Qur'an, ‘Alam during Menstruation

Q: Can a menstruating woman touch Qur'an, ‘alam, or a scale model for the shrine of one of the Infallibles (a.) during muharram processions or not? Also, can she enter in a place where mourning ceremony is being held even though the place is a mosque or imam bārgāh?

A: During monthly period, the woman should not touch the script of the Holy Qur’an or the different names of Allah by any part of her body. She should not pause / stop in a masjid, or as per obligatory caution, in the shrines of the infallible Imams(a.). There is no objection in doing the rest of the things mentioned in question.


2.      To Eat "Nadhr" food during Menstruation

Q: Can a woman during her period eat "nadhr" food or prepare it? 

A: There is no objection to that.


3.      To Enter a Husainiyyah during Menstruation

Q: Can the menstruating women enter a husainiyyah, mourning gatherings, or prayer room, etc?

A: She can enter a husainiyyah but her staying in a masjid, putting something in it, or going to Masjid al-harām or Masjid al-Nabī (s.a.) is not permissible.


4.      Paying Zakāt to Hāshimīs

Q: Who are regarded as sayyids for whom zakāt is harām? Do they include the Hāshimī or only those who are the descendants of Imam Ali (a.) and sayyidah Fātimah (a.)?

A: As far as zakāt is concerned, all Hāshimīs are considered as sayyid. As a result, zakāt given by non-sayyids is harām for them.


5.      Shortened Prayers

Q: When traveling we make our prayer short. What if we can come back to our home before the expiry of the prayer time?

A: While you are in travel, you should pray short. However, if you did not pray until you returned to your watan, you should pray in full.


6.      ‘Aqīqah

Q: Is ‘aqīqah obligatory or mustahabb? Is it obligatory upon all Muslims to hold ‘aqīqah for all children regardless of how rich or poor the family is?

A: ‘Aqīqah is not obligatory, rather it is mustahabb.


7.      Abe-e-jau (Beer)

Q: In some parties `Abe-e-jau' is served as a drink. Is `Abe-e-jau' is halāl? Can we drink it?

A: `Abe-e-jau' (beer) is harām.


8.      Nose-piercing

Q: I have a question about piercing. Is Muslim woman allowed to have a nose-piercing?

A: In itself, there is no objection to it. However, if it is considered as an adornment, it should be covered in front of non-mahrams.


9.      Paying Khums While Being in Debt

Q: I have not taken out the khums this year yet as I owe someone. He has told me that I can pay him anytime I want, no restriction on time, but I want to pay him as soon as possible. Do I need to pay khums knowing I owe an amount to someone?

A: If you spent the money you borrowed for the ma’ūnah of the khums year and now you pay it back to the lender at the end of khums year, you can deduct it from your saving and then pay its khums.


10.  To Sell Harām Fish to Non-Muslim

Q: Is it permissible to work in a fish business in foreign countries to sell halāl and non- halāl fishes mostly to non-Muslim?

A: Engaging in harām works like selling harām fish for eating is not permissible and one cannot own the wages for it even though the buyer considers it halāl.


11.  To Bet in Basketball

Q: I had a question about gambling. If one plays a game such as basketball, and says: I'll give you money if I miss a shot. Is that considered gambling? I have a friend who did so and continuously went higher and higher when he missed his shots.

A: Such a condition is not valid. The one who put the condition will not owe the other person the money agreed upon. Also, the other person has no right to claim or take the money.


12.  To Serve Wine to Non-Muslims

Q: If the nature of job requires serving wine; then, is it allowed to do such a job? The income one gets in doing such a job, is it halāl or not? Is it allowed to serve unlawful food (like pork) to non-Muslims?

A: It is not permissible to engage in harām works – like those mentioned above – and the income gained out of such works is not halāl.


13.  To Make Wudū’ with Leather Shoes

Q: Can I make wudū’ with leather shoes?

A) There is no objection to making wudū’ while wearing leather shoes. However, feet should be taken out of them at the time of wiping. If the shoes are ruled as najis in Islamic law as the animal was not slaughtered ritually and the feet came in contact with them along with transmitting moisture, one should wash his feet before making wudū’.


14.  Look at Non- mahrams on TV

Q: Is it permissible to look at the hairs and forehands of the girls and women on the TV dramas and films?

A: Looking at hair, face and even other body parts of girls and women on pre-recorded TV programs and films has not the same rule of looking at a non-mahram unless it is associated with lust or it entails vile consequences or fear of falling victim to harām act.


15. Qad'ā’ Prayers (Order & Quantity)

Q: I have a problem related to the prayer. I started praying regularly when I became 18 years old. Before that, I did not offered my prayers except for a very few times. I do not know how many my qadā’ prayers are. I want to pray all my qadā’ prayers now, how should I do it? How many qadā’ prayers I have to pray? Further more, can I pray my recent qadā’ prayers before earlier ones?

A: You should pray those prayers you are certain you have missed (i.e. as much as you are sure you have missed). There is no need to maintain the order in performing their qadā’ i.e. you can pray the recent qadā’ prayers before those which became qadā’ many years ago. Yet, you should not say afternoon prayer before noon one or `isha' prayer before maghrib one if you missed them on the same day.


 16.  Lead a Congregation for Prayer

Q:  A group of believers insist that I lead a congregational prayer but I do not want to lead since I know I am not just. Can I still lead (without intending congregational prayer?

A: You can lead the prayer for congregation who consider you as just and the congregational prayer is correct. Also, if you do not want to make the intention of leading congregational prayer, your prayer is correct and the congregation can pray behind you.


17. Songs

Q: I am a student in Kashmir University. There is an annual function in our hostel. On that occasion, students present cultural programs like songs, plays, lover poetry. I myself want to present love poetry there. Is it permissible for me to do so? What about participating in this kind of functions? 

A: In itself, there is no objection to songs and reciting love poetry unless they are accompanied by vocal undulation and rapture and are suitable for sinful and lahw gatherings. Also, if the music played along with such things is suited for merrymaking and lahw gatherings, it is impermissible.


18.  Hijāb Exemptions

Q: I am e-mailing you to request information on hijāb. I have seen many women wearing hijāb in different ways; I just want to make clear which of following ways is allowed according to the fatwā of Ayatollah Khamenei (d.):

- women wear hijāb covering their ears, forehead and neck,
- some wear it by covering their ears and forehead,
- some women cover their forehead, ears, and chin,
- some women cover everything except their eyes.

A: Hijāb is to cover the entire body in front of the non-mahram except for the face (the part which is obligatory to be washed in wudū’) and hands up to the wrists.


 19.  From Where to Calculate the Shar‘ī Distance

Q: Almost every weekend on Sunday I take my wife and my two daughters to a school outside of London where my wife teaches and my daughters attend. My place of residence is inside London, it takes 7.5 miles from my home to the boundary of London/city limits, we travel along the boundary going round, but not passing over the boundary, for a further 13.5 miles then we cross the boundary and travel outside of London for 4.5 miles to reach our destination. The total miles/distance traveled is 25.5 miles. My question is: Should I pray shortened prayers, full prayers, or both as a caution?

A: In the given case that the distance between the boundary of London and the destination is less than 22.5 km., you should pray tamām at the destination.


 20.  Being Disappointed due to Committing Sins

Q: I would like to know if you mess up your life does Allah forgive you, or should you lose hope?

A: On real repent before Allah, He forgives the sins - even the major ones. It is sin to be disappointed in Allah. However, one should compensate for people's rights and missed prayers, fasts, etc. if any.


 21.  To Pray with Blood of Wound

Q: I pray but I have a problem because I was wounded and some times the blood comes out and I do not notice it, i.e. I pray and when I finish I notice that my T-shirt is bloody and the time of prayer is finished. So should I repeat my prayer or not?

A: In the given case, your prayer is correct and there is no need for repetition, because only after prayer you found out that your clothes were bloody. Moreover, when it is usually hard for the people or it is unbearably difficult for the person to remove the blood of injury, it is not necessary to do so and there is no objection to offering one's prayer with that blood.


22.  Hijāb for Old Ladies

Q: Should an old lady wear hijāb?

A: Yes, it is obligatory.


23.  Buying Meat in a Muslim Country

Q: In a Muslim country (i.e. where the majority is Muslim) does one need to inquire about the meat, or may one just eat anywhere?

A: If you obtain it from a Muslim market, it is ruled to be halāl and there is no need to further investigation.


24.  Wiping the Feet Only with Wudū’ Water

Q: While wiping head in wudū’, if the water in the hand mixes with that on the face, does the wudū’ become void?

A: If reaching the hand to the face does not prevent wiping the feet with wudū’ water remained on the hand before wiping the face, wudū’ is still correct.


25.  To Say Maghrib and `Isha' Prayers after Midnight

Q: After the midnight and before fajr, do the maghrib and `isha' prayers become qadā’?

A: Maghrib and `isha' prayers should not be delayed after midnight. In cases they are delayed, they should be offered without the intention of adā’ or qadā’.


26.  To Pray Separately or Together

Q: Is there a time for afternoon and `isha' prayers in Shi‘a Islam in order to separate them, or it makes absolutely no difference to pray them separately or together?

A: It makes no difference. You may pray noon and afternoon or maghrib and `isha' prayers together or separately. However, it is better that each one is prayed at its time of merit.


27.  To Say Mustahabb Prayers While Having Qadā’ Ones

Q: Is it permissible to say mustahabb prayers when one has qadā’ prayers to make up?

A: When offering mustahabb prayers it is not a condition that one should not have qadā’ of obligatory prayers. While when keeping mustahabb fasts one must have no missed Ramadan fasts to make up.


28.  Serving Harām Foods

Q: As the owner of a restaurant, can I cook delicacies which are made of squids, crabs, shells and scale-less fish and sell them to Sunni brothers and non-Mulslims?  These delicacies are among the favorites to our brothers of the Shāfi‘ī sect which allows for such consumption.

A: It is void to sell harām food even to those people who consider it halāl. Also, the money gained in this way is harām.


29.  Working in a Restaurant

Q: Can I work - not as the owner - in a restaurant which sells delicacies made of squids, crabs, shells and scale-less fish and serves them to others?

A: As per shar‘, to work in such a restaurant is impermissible in case the job involves the mentioned harām work.


30.  Studying in a co-educational college

Q: Is it permissible for a Muslim woman to join a co-educational college in the West in spite of the moral breakdown, and the laisser-faire attitude of some male and female students?

A:  In itself, there is no objection to doing so while observing religious duties (including hijāb).


31.  An Adopted Girl

Q: A man voluntarily takes the responsibility of raising a girl, and then she grows up into a woman. Is it obligatory on her to observe hijāb in his presence? Is it obligatory on him not to look at her hair and not to touch her at all?

A: The mere raising her has nothing to do with being mahram to each other.


32.  Harām Music

Q: Is it harām to listen to music and if yes what type?

A: It is harām to listen to a lahwi music which is suitable for sinful and merrymaking gatherings.


33.  To Dye One's Hair

Q: Is it harām to color your hair and then change it black?

A: In itself, there is no objection to dye one's hair or changing it black again.


 34.  Friday Prayer’s Time

Q: We live in a small township where all people work in a factory. On Friday we are released for Friday prayer late and it starts at 14.00 o'clock. Shar‘ī noon timing nowadays is about 12.30 o'clock. It takes us 30 minutes to complete the prayer so it ends at about 14.30 o'clock. A religious scholar told us that Friday prayer should start and end within one hour after shar‘ī noon and that since we are late we should also say noon prayer after Friday prayer. Our questions are as follows:

A) What are the starting time and duration of Friday prayer with relation to shar‘ī noon timing?

B) If we offer Friday prayer within one hour after shar‘ī noon, are we required to offer noon prayer as well?

C) And what is the requirement of noon prayer if we perform Friday prayer later than one hour after shar‘ī noon.

A: A) The time of Friday prayer begins at shar‘ī noon. There is a caution not to delay the Friday prayer beyond the beginnings – i.e. about one/two hour(s) as per common view - of shar‘ī noon.

B) In the case mentioned, the Friday prayer is sufficient and there is no need to pray noon prayer.

C) If the Friday prayer is offered, beyond two hours after shar‘ī noon, it is caution to pray noon prayer as well.


35.  A Debtor’s Hajj

Q: If a person is in debt, is he allowed to do hajj or give some money to charity? Or must he payback the debt?

A: If the debt is not due or the creditor had not claimed it yet, there would be no objection to his going to hajj or paying to charity.


36.  To Owe to One’s Wife

Q: If a married man looses his job and his wife has to work to provide for the family temporarily, is he indebted to her?

A: If the wife voluntarily spent her earned income to provide for their mutual expenses, the husband is not indebted to her. While in case she lent him money and, then, she spent it on family expenses on his behalf or by his request or order, the husband is liable for its compensation.


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